Old Slave Block
In the days before the Civil War, it was used for the sale and annual hire of slaves.
Albert Crutchfield, shown in picture was sold from the block about 1859, at which time he was a boy about 15 years old.
The President’s Proclamation.
The call by the President for 500,000 men, though not to be enforced by a draft until the 5th of September, will, by accelerating enlistments, undoubtedly serve to put a large additional force at the command of our military authorities almost immediately. A wall of despair comes up from Richmond that Atlanta must fall because of the want of men to defend that city and Richmond at the same time. This shows how low the Confederate resources in the way of fighting material has been drained.
An addition to our force of 500,000 men, or the half of that number, will enable us to finish the war this summer and crush out the last vestige of the rebellion.
By the provisions of the call those localities where an excess of troops has been furnished under previous calls will be credited with that excess on this. Until the 5th of September is allowed for filling up quotas by volunteering—the term of service to be at the option of volunteers for one, two, or three years. At the end of fifty days a draft will take place for men to serve for one year, to supply any deficiency in the quota.
Capture of Blockade Runners.
Admiral Dahlgren, writing from on board his flagship Philadelphia, in Stono river, S. C., under date of July 10, informs the Navy Department that on the 8th instant the U. S. steamer Sonoma, Lieut. Commander Matthews, captured the samll side-wheel steamer Ida, which vessel left Sapelo the night before, bound to Nassau. The Ida had on board at the time of her capture, fifty-four bales of cotton, ten men, and a captain named Postell, who, it is said, was formerly a midshipman in the U. S. navy.
Admiral Dahlgren also reports the capture of the rebel schooner Pocahontas, on the night of July 7th, by the U. S. steamers Azalea and Sweet Briar, while attempting to pass out of Charleston harbor bound to Nassau. The Pocahontas had on board fifty-three bales of cotton, and two hundred and twenty-nine boxes of tobacco.
The New Enrollment Law
The following is the Enrollment act, as passed by both Houses of Congress:
Further to regulate and provide for the enrolling and calling out of the national forces; and for other purposes.
The President of the United States may, at his discretion, at any time hereafter, call for any number of men as volunteers, for the respective terms of one, two, and three years, for military service, and any such volunteer, or, in case of a draft, as hereinafter provided, a substitute, shall be credited to the town, ward, or city precinct, or election district of a county, toward the quota of which he may have volunteered or engaged as a substitute, and every volunteer who is accepted and mustered into the service for a term of one year, unless sooner discharged, shall receive and be paid by the United States, a bounty of $100, and if for a term of two years, unless sooner discharged, a bounty of $200, and if for a term of three years, unless sooner discharged, a bounty of $300; one-third of which bounty shall be paid to the soldier at the time of his being mustered into the service, one-third at the expiration of one-half of his term of service, and one-third at the expiration of his term of service, and in case of his death while in the service, then the residue of his bounty unpaid shall be paid to his widow, if he shall have left a widow; if not, to his chidren, or if there be none, to his mother, in case she be a widow.
In case the quota or any part thereof, of any town, township, ward of a city, precinct or election district, or of any county not so sub-divided, shall not be filled within the space of fifty days after such call, then the President shall immediately order a draft for one year to fill such quota or any part thereof, which may be unfilled; and in case of any such draft, no payment of money shall be accepted or received by the Government as commutation to release any enrolled or drafted man from personal obligations to perform military service.
It shall be lawful for the Executive of any of the States to send recruiting agents into any of the States declared to be in rebellion, except the States of Arkansas, Tennessee and Louisiana, and to recruit volunteers under any call under the provisions of this act, who shall be credited to the State and to the respective subdivisions thereof, which may procure the enlistment.
Drafted men, substitutes and volunteers, when mustered in, shall be organized in or assigned to regiments, batteries, or other organizations from among those of their respective States which at the time of their assignment may not be filled to their maximum number.
The twentieth section of an act entitled “An act to amend an act entitled an act for enrolling and calling out the national forces,” approved February 24, 1864, shall be construed to mean that the Secretary of War shall discharge minors under the age of eighteen years under the circumstances and on the conditions prescribed in said section; and hereafter if any officer of the United States shall enlist or muster into the military service any person under the age of sixteen years, with or without the consent of his parent or guardian, such person so enlisted or recruited shall be immediately and unconditionally discharged upon the repaym of the bounty received; and such recruiting or mustering officer who knowingly enlists a person under eighteen years of age shall be dismissed the service, with the forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and shall be subject to such further punishment as a court martial may decide.
Sixth—Section three of an act entitled “An act to amend an act entitled an act for enrolling and calling out the national forces and other purposes,” approved Feb. 24, 1864, shall be and the same hereby is amended so as to authorize and direct district provost marshals, under the direction of the Provost Marshal-General, to make a draft for one hundred per centum in addition to the number required to fill the quota of any district as provided by said section.
Seventh—That instead of travelling pay, all drafted persons reporting at a place of rendezvous, shall be allowed transportation from their places of residence, and persons discharged at the place of rendezvous shall be allowed transportation to their places of residence.
Eighth—All persons in the naval service of the United States, who have entered said service during the present rebellion, who have not been credited to the quota of any town, district, war or State, by reason of their being in said service, and not enrolled prior to February 24th, 1864, shall, on satisfactory proof of their residence, made to the Secretary of War, be enrolled and credited to the quotas of the town, ward, district or State, in which they respectively reside.
Ninth—If any person, duly drafted, shall be absent from home in the prosecution of his usual business, the Provost Marshal of the district shall cause him to be duly notified as soon as may be, and he shall not be deemed a deserter, nor liable as such, until notice has been given him, and reasonable time allowed for him to return and report to the Provost Marshal of his district; but such absence shall not otherwise affect his liability under this act.
Tenth and Eleventh.—Nothing contained in this act is to be construed to alter or in any way affect the law relative to those conscientiously opposed to bearing arms, or to affect the rights of persons to procure substitutes.