The Situation: Washington National Republican, October 16, 1861, page 2

The Situation.

The Richmond papers say, in disparagement of General McClellan’s abilities as a military man, that after his success in Western Virginia, he might have advanced into the Valley of Virginia, and have captured Staunton, without meeting resistance. If General McClellan had been master of his own actions in that particular, this criticism might be well made, but it is known that he personally desired to advance to Staunton, but was restrained by orders from headquarters here, issued in reference to the general plan of the campaign.

From Western Virginia we have recent reports of a sharp fight (the third reported) at Chapmanville on the Guyandotte, and of an unsuccessful rebel attack upon a steamer going up the Kanawha to Charleston, with supplies for the army of General Rosecrans. These facts, with others, show how strong and tenacious the secession element is in Western Virginia.

We took occasion to say, the other day, that, from all the information which we could get, the Union feeling was quite as strong, in the Valley of Virginia, as in Western Virginia, and that, so far as the good will of the population is concerned, the Valley, or, at any rate, the northern half of it, might have been occupied as easily as the Trans-Alleghany region. This view of the subject is confirmed by a budget of news from that quarter, in last evening’s Star, which insists that the driving of the enemy from Manassas would enable the people of Loudoun, Jefferson, Morgan, Frederick, and Hampshire counties, to free themselves from a tyranny of the Richmond cabal, resting, as that tyranny does, upon foreign bayonets brought up from the Gulf. We have never doubted that this was so. Manassas Junction is the key to the northern part of the Valley of Virginia, so far as the Richmond junto is concerned, and out to have been occupied within forty-eight hours after our troops crossed the Potomac in May last. The failure to seize Manassas at that time, led to the disaster of July, at Bull Run.

From Rolls, Missouri, we have a batch of reports of national successes, which, if half true, portend the speedy suppression of the rebellion in Missouri, which was never so formidable as it was said to be in the first moments of despondency, after the loss of Lexington. The “46,000 rations” issued to General Price’s army, at Lexington, was one of those fables accepted only by those persons who suppose that armies drop from the clouds. It certainly never exceeded 20,000 men, and, excluding irregular hangers-on, never amounted to half so many.

We have bad news from New Orleans, in relation to our blockading fleet. The news comes through secession channels, and is to be taken with many allowances; but we regret to be obliged to believe that we have suffered some disaster in that quarter.

The Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument, Washington Park, Albany, N. Y. postcard

[The Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, Washington Park, Albany, N. Y. postcard]

The Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument, Washington Park, Albany, N. Y. postcard. This post card is postmarked 1914. Select the image to enlarge.

Office Semi-Weekly News: The Semi-Weekly Shreveport News, September 30, 1862, page 1

Office Semi-Weekly News,

Shreveport, La.,

Tuesday, September 30th, 1862.

Vicksburg, Sept. 25—Our telegraphic intelligence from Virginia states that only a small portion of Gen Lee’s forces recrossed into Virginia, it only being a strategic movement on our part, after Jackson annihilated Gen Burnside’s 11000 Yankees.

Lee with the bulk of his army pressed McClellan and overtook said Little Napoleon on Friday, whipping and completely routing him. At last accounts Gen Lee was in hot pursuit driving him towards Frederick Mills.

This dispatch was handed me by Gov T. O. Moore. H. J. Phelps.

Monroe Sept. 27—By a dispatch received yesterday we learn that the advance of Gen. Bragg’s army came up with a division of Buell’s army at Mumfordsville, on Green River, Ky., and captured the entire division of 5,400 men and 5,000 stand of arms, without the firing of a gun or less of a man. Bragg was in supporting distance of Kirby Smith.

Knoxville, Sept. 22.—A courier brings intelligence from Cumberland Gap, (“that Gen. Stevenson is pressing on federal Morgan’s rear. Firing was heard this morning, in the direction of Manchester, and it is supposed he has engaged the enemy.

Charleston, Sept. 22—Nassau dates of the 16th inst. received. Yellow fever is very bad. A report reached Nassau, that the Yankee steamer Santiago de Cuba, had met the Confederate war steamer “290,” Capt. North, and had been badly worsted, being obliged to go to Key West for repairs. It was said it “290,” had been fully manned, she would have captured the Santiago.

Augusta, Sept. 23.—The Richmond Examiner of the 22d learns from officers who were in the fight at Sharpsburg, that the battle commenced on Tuesday afternoon.

Cannonading was kept up throughout the night, and the troops laid on their arms till Wednesday morning when the fight was renewed and raged all day with unexampled fury.

Longstreet drove back the enemy’s right three miles. Jackson drove the left about the same distance. But Hill, in the centre, barely contrived to hold his own. At 9 o’clock, at night, the enemy retreated leaving our troops in possession of the battlefield.

Hon. A. R. Boteler, who participated in the fight, says Lee crossed the Potomac to meet a flank movement of McClellan on Harper’s Ferry. He estimates our loss in killed and wounded on Wednesday at five thousand.

Gen Lee was heard to declare it a decided Confederate victory.

The dispatches say Lee re-crossed the river on account of the inadequacancy of supplies in Maryland.

Augusta, Sept. 25—The Richmond Examiner of the 24th says that in the fight of Sheppardstown, it is reported the enemy were almost annihilated, and four or five thousand prisoners taken. It says Gen Lee writes to President Davis that the shock of the battle on Wednesday was tremendous on this continent and the result was the most damaging the enemy had received in the whole campaign.

The enemy did not follow or harass our troops in re-crossing the river.

Northern papers of the 16th and 17th claim the Sharpsburg fight as a glorious Federal victory. They say Lee was wounded, also Howell Cobb wounded and a prisoner, seventeen thousand rebels killed, and several thousand taken prisoners.

McClellan telegraphed Halleck that it was a glorious Federal victory—the rebels routed and demoralized.

The Yankee General Reno was killed.

Yankee officers at Variable, under a flag of truce, says on Tuesday night a dispatch was received in Washington announcing a desperate battle, concluding with congratulatory phrase.

McClellan held his own. They say Northern reports are not credited. Dispatches say Harpers Ferry was still in our possession.

Richmond, Sept 23—The N. Y. Herald of the 20th, contains dispatches from Louisville, announcing the surrender of six Indian Regiments, and five thousand men at Mumfordsville.

Official dispatches from McClellan dated Friday, claim a victory in the Wednesday’s fight at Sharpsburg, though it is evident that his army had fallen back. He states that the rebel army had crossed the Potomac into Virginia, and that he had sent a column under Gen. Alfred Pleasanton in pursuit.

An official dispatch received here this morning, announces that a battle took place Saturday on the Potomac, near Sheppardstown, between the Confederate forces under Jackson, and a column of the enemy 10,000 strong, resulting in the route of the enemy with heavy loss. Our loss slight. Quite a number of arms taken. Jackson has recrossed into Maryland.

Augusta, Sept. 24.—Richmond papers of the 23d report that only a portion of our army crossed the Potomac, but letters from Winchester to the Dispatch say our army crossed without losing a man, or any commissary stores.

Gen. Sumner and another Yankee General sent a flag of truce after the battle asking permission to bury their dead.

Mr. Boleter says the evacuation of Maryland is only temporarily, and that she must and will be redeemed.

Our loss 5,000, that of the enemy about 20,000. The Enquirer says Major Gen. Anderson was severely wounded. Generals Wright, Lawton, Ripley, Aristead, Ransom, and Col. Cunnings slightly wounded.—Gen Starke and Branch killed. Gen. Toombs slightly wounded.

Mobile Sept. 25.—A special dispatch to the Advertiser and Register, dated Charlestown, Sept. 22d says that the whole of our army has not recrossed into Virginia, but Lee with the bulk of his army, is in hot pursuit of McClellan.

He came up with him and defeated him on Friday, and continued pursuing him towards Frederick.

Yellow fever is ranging at Wilmington, N. C. The mayor telegraphed to-day that it is epidemic.

The enemy confess their loss to be 10,000; ours will not exceed 5,000. Yankee dispatches dated Saturday, say the loss of Federal Generals and field officers is so large as to be unaccountable. McClellan says the Federals may safely claim a victory.

A dispatch says that a body of Federals dashed into Leesburg but retired. That place is now in our possession.

Richmond, Sept. 23.—In the senate the House bill authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to offer a reward not exceeding five thousand dollars for the apprehension and conviction of persons engaged in counterfeiting Confederate notes, passed; also Senate bills to facilitate the payment of amounts due to soldiers.

The conscript bill from House was amended by substituting therefor the bill recently passed by the Senate with modifications. The subject will probably be referred to committee of conference.

Senate bill fixing rank and pay of Quartermaster Generals, passed in House. The Arkansas contested election, after rejection of motion declaring seat vacant, was recommitted to the committee on Elections.

Bill to raise revenue considered in committee of the whole until adjournment.

Richmond 24—Lynchburg dates of to-day say that the Yankee column recently routed by Jackson near Sheppard’s town was commanded by Burnsides.

Four brigades of the enemy rushed across the river when Jackson precipitated his whole force upon them. They were literally mowed down; so many were killed that the stream was almost jammed up with their bodies.

About 15,000 prisoners were taken and of the whole force estimated at 20,000, it is thought not more than 2000 escaped. The casualties on our side is 250 killed, wounded and missing.

Chattanooga, Sept. 24.—The Nashville Union of 20th, says 800 rebel cavalry attacked the Federals at Green River Bridge, on Saturday but were repulsed.

It also reports Bragg with 100,000 men at Glasgow Junction. Rosencranz has gone to meet him.

Andy Johnson was still in Nashville.

Newspaper men are having a fine time of it publishing a newspaper at the old price, while paper, clothing and produce, is selling at three times its former value. A subscriber can now pay a year’s subscription with 20 lbs. of flour, or 6½ lbs. bacon, 10 lbs. pork, 15 lbs. of beef, 60 lbs. corn meal, 1 lb. coffee, 4 lbs. sugar, or 4 small chickens, hardly feathered. Everybody will agree that printing a paper in these times is a money making business.—[Cleaveland (Tenn.) Banner.

Major-General Benjamin F. Butler

MAJOR-GENERAL BENJAMIN F. BUTLER was born at Deerfield, New Hampshire, in 1818, and graduated at Waterville College, Maine. He studied law, and having commenced practice at Lowell, Massachusetts, gained distinc­tion, and was remarkable for his success in criminal cases. He supported John C. Breckinridge in the presidential cam­paign of 1860. When the war commenced, being then a brigadier of the Massachusetts Militia, he offered his services to support the government, and was stationed at Annapolis, where his energy and power overawed the secessionists General Butler was in command of the land forces in the expedition against Hatteras Inlet in August, 1861, and captured Forts Hatteras and Clark, with their garrisons. In March, 1862, with much energy and zeal, he raised the volunteer troops which formed the land force against New Orleans. After the bombardment of Forts’ Philip and Jackson, and the fall of New Orleans, Butler landed his troops early in May, and undertook the administration of the city with a zeal, ability, and firmness that repressed secession, restored order, and brought back a prosperous condition of affairs. He was afterward relieved by General Banks, and reporting at Washington was put in command of the Departments of Virginia and North Carolina. During the siege of Petersburg and Richmond, he was in command of the army of the James, and made several unsuccessful demonstrations against the former place. After the unsuc­cessful attack on Fort Fisher in December, 1864, General Butler, who had commanded the land forces, in consequence of the failure, was removed from command.