The Interior of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, after a continuous bombardment by the Federal batteries on Morris Island

[The Interior of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, after a continuous bombardment by the Federal batteries on Morris Island.]

The Interior of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, after a continuous bombardment by the Federal batteries on Morris Island.

Martial Law Declared in Cincinnati: Western Reserve Chronicle, July 15, 1863, page 2

Martial Law Declared in Cincinnati.

The following is General Burnside’s order:

Headquarters Department of the Ohio, July 13, 1863.  
General Order No.—

Martial Law is hereby declared in the cities of Cincinnati, Covington and Newport. All business will be suspended until further orders and all citizens will be required to organize in accordance with the directions of the State and municipal authorities. The commanding General convinced that no one whose services are necessary for the defense of these cities, would care to leave now, places no restriction upon travel.

By command of Major-General A. E. Burnside.

Lewis Richmond,  
Assistant Adjt.-General.  

Letter from One of the 7th: Western Reserve Chronicle, July 15, 1863, page 2

Letter from One of the 7th.

The following letter was written by a young man who has been in the gallant 7th Ohio Regiment from its first organization. He has been in nearly, if not all, the hard fought battles in which that regiment has participated, and has been so very fortunate as to have thus far escaped uninjured, while so many of his comrades have fallen. The writer of the subjoined letter was employed in this office as a printer, for several years previous to the war, and we are glad to know he has got along so fortunately, and that although quite young, has proven himself a brave and faithful soldier. The letter was not written for publication, having been sent to J. M. Stull, Esq., to whom we are indebted for its use:

On the Field of Battle, Gettysburg,
July 4th, 1863.  

Dear Uncle:—I have much that I would like to write at this moment, but there is so much going on that I do not know what to say. This, of course, convinces you that I am safe. In fact we lost but few men. The enemy advanced upon our position; we being upon the right flank of the army, and our corps held them in check something like one day. When night came on, the firing ceased, and this morning they have given up the ground, which is found to be covered terribly with dead and wounded, the former by the thousand. We have picked up in our front some 4000 small arms that the enemy left on the field.

The force which we engaged was Gen. Jackson’s old corps, now under command of Gen. Ewell. Jackson’s old division were nearly all killed, and the rest taken prisoners, by our division. It was under the command of General Ed. Johnston.

This battle has been the greatest of the war, and the rebs never received such terrible blows before as those which have been given during the last two days, and I think it will result in their almost annihilation or capture before they reach Virginia again. On our left flank the main part of their army was whipped and thousands upon thousands killed. Yesterday afternoon we took over ten thousand prisoners at one haul. They were badly wounded and cut up before they would come to tea. General Longstreet,[sic] the idol of the South, was taken with them, badly wounded in the leg, and died before night. It would be hard to tell the amount of prisoners we have taken, they are so numerous, while we have lost but few men. The rebel army is said to be awfully discouraged and will not be able to stand another battle. Our cavalry have done much damage to their wagon train, and is at work on their flanks to-day. This, is to us, is really a merry Fourth of July. I cannot tell you what we are about to do. This is such a big machine to run that it is hard to tell what is going on. So I hope you will excuse this hasty scratch. I shot about 100 rounds yesterday.    J. H. Merrill.

July 3, 1863

On the third and what would be the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate Major General George Pickett leads what would become known as “Pickett’s Charge” on Union positions on Cemetery Hill. It is ultimately unsuccessful and Gettysburg becomes a Union victory.